Anarchy is often described as a state of disorder due to the absence or non-recognition of authority. This is the kind of state the world would be in if there were no laws that govern interactions among people in society. This is precisely why law exists, to ensure peaceful coexistence of people in society by creating an environment in which each individual has a fair chance to thrive in a just world.
In this article, we are going to look at the 4 primary functions of law.
1 Law ensures that people do the right thing
Law has been structured to ensure that it has mechanisms for sanctioning bad deeds that are committed by people in the society and this in essence will ensure that people are pushed to do right because they know that doing wrong comes with consequences.
2 Law ensures that society is defended from evil
The fact that law has mechanisms to sanction bad deeds ensures that society is defended from evil. There are people in society who may intentionally or unintentionally want to inflict harm on others as they look towards achieving their own individual ends however law has been specifically designed to protect the rest of society from such individuals. It’s for this reasons that laws are always being improved to cover emerging threats.
3 Law ensures the common good is protected
Law is there to ensure that each individual has certain rights and freedoms that they can enjoy as members of a society however, in enjoying these rights and freedoms, they are usually not meant to infringe on the rights of other individuals. This way, the existence of law ensures that the common good of everyone in society is fully protected as people can coexist without disrupting each other as they chase their own individual goals.
4 Law is a tool for dispute resolution
In every society there will always be competition as members of the society work towards attaining their personal goals which entail competing to get some of the limited resources. This competition will always lead to disputes and thanks to the existence of law, there will always be a mechanism to solve these disputes when they emerge.
It’s always the responsibility of every member of society to familiarize themselves with the laws of the land so that they can play their part in ensuring they don’t break these laws whether through deliberate or indeliberate acts. It’s actually in your own best interests if you are familiar with the dictates of the law.